What does NASA stand for?
You have probably heard the term “NASA” before but what does it mean? NASA stands for the “National Aeronautics and Space Administration.”
What is NASA?
Aside from stars and planets, one of the first things you think of when you hear the word space, is NASA. As the leading organization in aeronautic science and technology, NASA monitors all space-related development and research. However, many people are unaware of the other contributions the agency makes. For instance, NASA employs:
- Satellites and probes – Scientists use satellites to gather information about the earth. Probes allow researchers to learn more about the solar system.
- Research – Astronauts are deployed to conduct scientific research while in orbit.
- Advancements – Through research and development, engineers work to improve all aspects of flight.
- Programs – Special exploration programs will eventually send humans to Mars and the moon.
- Teach – NASA shares the information they collect with the world. Education offices help teachers prepare to teach and instruct students. Students participate in NASA missions to learn more about flight and aeronautics.
- Invest – NASA strongly supports programs and activities related to space and aviation. The agency helps out these programs through donations and funding.
NASA has made many life-changing contributions to earth and humanity. One life-changing example includes NASA sending the first humans to the moon. Two astronauts, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, departed on the first manned mission, Apollo 11 on July 20, 1969. Since NASA’s creation, the organization has visited numerous planetary bodies within the solar system. These celestial objects include all eight planets. Deployment of robotic space probes have allowed scientists to gather information from parts of the galaxy that would otherwise be impossible.
NASA also shares its extensive knowledge in aviation. The agency helps in the testing and drafting of many top of the line aircraft designs. Several planes designed with NASA’s help, have broken pre-existing records. Some of the tests used have even helped flight engineers make improvements to air transportation. NASA does not concentrate solely on the “big picture.” The independent agency also focuses on smaller scale projects. Many of the items we use on a daily basis were created or influenced by NASA. Some of these inventions include; smoke alarms, memory foam beds, and even placing a long distance phone call.
Who created NASA?
The person responsible for the creation of NASA was Dwight D. Eisenhower. Eisenhower also fulfilled the role of the 34th president of the United States during this time.
How did NASA start?
The United States established NASA in response to the Space Race during the 20th century. During the 1950’s the U.S and the Soviet Union were head to head in space and aeronautic development. Before NASA, another group known as the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics existed. Founded in 1915, NACA oversaw all aeronautical research.
The idea of NASA came about during the early 1950’s. At this time, a contest to see which country could successfully launch an artificial satellite into space was taking place. Despite the efforts of the United States, the Soviet Union won. U.S Congress perceived the loss as a threat to the country’s technological and security leadership. As a result, Dwight D. Eisenhower and other government officials agreed and proposed something be done about the situation. The best solution to this problem was to establish a new federal agency focusing on all non-military, space-related activity. In addition, the agency was to be based off NACA. Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act on July 29, 1958, officially establishing NASA.
What year was NASA founded?
Government officials established NASA in 1958.
Who owns NASA?
The United States Government holds ownership over NASA.
Who is the head of NASA?
The head of NASA, also known as the acting administrator stands as the “face” of the organization. Robert M. Lightfoot Jr. is currently fulfilling the role of Head of NASA. Robert Lightfoot was announced as acting administrator on Jan 20, 2017, after working as an associate administrator for five years. Robert M. Lightfoot Jr. served as the director of the Marshall Space Flight Center before joining NASA headquarters.
Who runs NASA?
NASA is under the control of the United States’s Federal government. The organization represents the country as an independent agency. The leader or “face” of NASA is a position appointed by the President of the United States and the US Senate. Typically referred to as NASA’s administrator, the selected individual acts as the head of communication. The leader is responsible for reporting to the President and serving as senior space science advisor. NASA employs over 18,000 people from various career backgrounds. The agency also hires independent contractors for specific positions.
Who funds NASA?
You can probably imagine, sending astronauts into space is not exactly cheap. Each year NASA spends millions of dollars on academic and scientific research. The U.S Federal government and Senate are responsible for budgeting for NASA research. NASA also receives money from several external sources; including donations from individuals and non-profit organizations. The organization also brings in funding through patents. However, this revenue is sent to the treasury. U.S Congress controls the amount of funding allocated to each NASA program.
How much funding does NASA get?
Many often wonder how much funding NASA receives annually. Generally, for every 100 dollars of tax revenue, 45 cents is given to NASA. However, the exact amount depends on three factors; the economy, defensive spending, and economic strife. With an economic crisis, comes high rates of unemployment and less money to go around. These elements impact the federal government revenue generated through taxes. The last two factors, defensive spending, and economic strife are given priority over NASA funding. In other words, money is taken from less essential departments at the time and transferred to other areas. In 2017, NASA received $19.5 billion, dollars in funding. The fiscal budget for 2018 has estimated $19.519 billion for 2018. NASA collects additional funding through donations and third-party organizations.
The process for determining NASA’s annual budget is more complicated than people think. Numerous government officials are involved in the procedure. For starters, both the president and NASA send Congress budget requests. From here, the Senate and White House create a budget resolution. The resolution determines the amount of funding allocated to specific areas. Finally, an appropriations bill is composed, written and passed.
Where is NASA located?
While the primary location of NASA is in the United States, facilities exist in several other countries. A total of ten NASA field centers exist throughout the United States.
- California – Armes Research Center, Armstrong Flight Research Center, Jet Propulsion Laboratory
- Ohio – John H. Glenn Research Center
- Maryland – Goddard Space Flight Center
- Texas – Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center
- Florida – John F. Kennedy Space Center
- Virginia – Langley Research Center
- Alabama – George C. Marshall Space Flight Center
- Mississippi – John C. Stennis Space Center
Where is NASA headquarters?
NASA headquarters is located in Washington, D.C at Two Independent Square on 300 E Street SW. HQ has a strong influence on organization’s daily operations and acts as a meeting place for the higher-ups.
Here, important decisions regarding the course of the agency are made. NASA HQ is responsible for overseeing all activities. These responsibilities extend to field centers and departments scattered throughout the U.S. HQ consists of four directories; Science and Space Technology, Aeronautics, Human Exploration, and Operations.
When is the next NASA launch?
The Launch Services Program oversees everything launch and spacecraft related. According to the LSP, NASA has several big interplanetary missions lined up for 2018. The next NASA launch is scheduled to take place July 31. The deployment of the Parker Solar Probe marks the second interplanetary mission of this year. NASA plans to have the probe takeoff from Space Launch Complex 37 at CCAFS. NASA intends to send the spacecraft 4 million miles away from the sun. Information collected from the Parker Solar Probe will help scientists learn more about the star’s corona. This mission denotes the first time in NASA history the space program has deployed a Delta IV Heavy with focus on a science payload.
When will NASA go to Mars
NASA has taken an interest in the red planet, and for a good reason. Within the last half-century, we have learned a great deal about Mars. Scientists believe the planet was once a very different place. In fact, research suggests the evolution and formation of Mars is similar to that of Earth. The use of robotic explorers has allowed scientists to collect vital information about the planet. The most crucial discovery was samples of soil containing extractable water.
Although the planet is much different today, environmental conditions in the past were suitable to support life. At the moment, Mars is inhabitable. However, the current conditions are not far off from Earth’s. The gravity, temperature, and day and night cycles are comparable. NASA is continually making advancements in technology to learn more about Mars and the solar system. Scientists are working towards one-day making the red planet a comfortable and suitable place for humans to live. NASA aims to implement the “Earth Independent Phase” sometime in the 2030’s. The phase focuses on human deployment and exploration of the red planet.
How to donate to NASA
Contributing money to help out your fellow astronauts follows a different approach than your “run of the mill” donating process. Because NASA is government controlled and funded, rules apply. Specific federal offices, departments, and agencies must have the authorization to accept donations. However, there are several alternative methods available to help out the program.
- Mail-in Donations – NASA accepts donations directly through the mail. Donors must first fill out a form and send it in with their contribution. The form ensures the donor holds no conditions concerning their donation. In other words, grants NASA permission to use the money how they wish without any “strings” attached. NASA accepts aid in the form of; cash, monetary gifts, money orders, and cheques.
- University/Research Center – Many universities partnered with NASA accept donations. Donating to a university provides some control over your contribution. For instance, donors can designate the funds towards a specific lab or research department.
- Non-profit Organization – Various organizations accept funding on behalf of NASA, such as Penny4NASA.
- What does NASA stand for?
- What is NASA?
- Who created NASA?
- How did NASA start?
- What year was NASA founded?
- Who owns NASA?
- Who is the head of NASA?
- Who runs NASA?
- Who funds NASA?
- How much funding does NASA get?
- Where is NASA located?
- Where is NASA headquarters?
- When is the next NASA launch?
- When will NASA go to Mars
- How to donate to NASA